BENDERY TROLLEYBUS NETWORK
FACTS

CITY
[as of 2011]

Founded: 1408
Population: 93 751 (2010)

The second largest city in the breakaway Pridnestrovian (Transnistrian) Moldovan Republic. The city is located 11 km. to the west of the capital of the Republic, Tiraspol. The old name of the city, Tighina, is sometimes used.

THE
PRIDNESTROVIAN
MOLDOVAN
REPUBLIC

[2011]

Transnistria is a breakaway territory located mostly on a strip of land between the Dniester River and the eastern Moldovan border to Ukraine. Since its declaration of independence in 1990, and especially after the War of Transnistria in 1992, it is governed de facto as the Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic (PMR). The region is known in English as Transdniestria (or Transnistria), which names are adaptations of the Romanian name of the region meaning "beyond the river Dniester" (or "Nistru" in Romanian). The Republic of Moldova does not recognize the secession, considers territories known as the PMR to be a part of Moldova, however, doesn’t have any control of the territories in question.

Transnistria's sovereignty is unrecognized by any United Nations member state and it has no diplomatic relations with any of them. In practical terms, however, the Republic possesses all common entities of an independent state, from independent government and ministries, to its own army, the police and the border controls and customs. Hence, a visit to the Transnistrian Republic involves all the usual hurdles associated with crossing the border of the independent state (no visas required, however a registration with local authorities is needed).

Lawlessness, including border shakeups, Transnistria used to be famous for, is a thing of the past, as the Republic seems to have recently adapted the new law-and-order stance. A common perception of the Transnistrian Republic as the post-USSR Communist theme park no longer holds true. Transnistria does, however, increasingly feel as it is a part of Russia. Russia and Belarus remain the Republic’s closest allies. The Russian is a primary language.

Poverty is rampant throughout the Republic. However, crime is practically non-existent. The national republican self-conscience and pride are high.

NETWORK
DESCRIPTION

[2011]

A remarkably dynamic trolleybus operation that boasts plentiful and reliable service. Trolleybuses are a primary choice of transportation in the city, with only marginal competition from private minibus carriers. This comes as a surprise considering a noticeably poor state of trolleybus operation in the neighboring capital city of Tiraspol, to which the Bendery network is connected via a trolleybus interurban line. Trolleybus lines cover practically all potential transportation corridors in the city. All city trolleybus services, including the interurban Line 19, originate at the common terminus Ulitsa Lazo, located in the city center.

HISTORY
[2011]

The interurban trolleybus line from Tiraspol reached Bendery on 19.06.1993, which event was to commemorate a 1 year anniversary of the Bendery Tragedy (the beginning of the Transnistrian War of 1992). The new service between the two cities was appropriately numbered Line 19.

The independent local urban trolleybus operation in Bendery was launched on 19.06.1995.

Further developments:
1993-2008

OVERHEAD
[2011]

Length within city limits: 37.4 km (one way).
Length of the interurban section Tiraspol – Bendery between city limits: 11 km (one-way).

The overhead is in good state of repair, with dewirements kept at minimum.

OPERATION
[2011]

Services operated, vehicle usage, intervals and hours of operation:
(vehicles peak / interval peak / hours of operation)

1 Lazo Ul. – Mikrorayon "Solnechniy" ( 4 / 7-8 / 5:40-22:00 )
2 Lazo Ul. – ZAO "Benderyshyolk" ( 3 / 15 / 5:40-22:00 )
3 Lazo Ul. – Mikrorayon "Leninskiy" ( 3 / 11 / 5:40-22:00 )
4 Lazo Ul. – 12 Oktyabrya Ul - Lazo Ul. ( 3 / 11 / 5:40-22:00 )
5 Lazo Ul. – 50 Let VLKSM Ul. - Lazo Ul. ( 3 / 11 / 5:40-22:00 )
19 Lazo Ul. – Tiraspol, Tsentralniy Rynok ( 6 / 10 / 6:00-22:00 )

The interurban Line 19 is operated jointly with 3 trolleybuses from the Bendery undertaking, and 3 trolleybuses from Tiraspol. The Lines 4 and 5 operate via a loop, with the 4 operating clockwise and the 5 operating counterclockwise. The Line 5 deviates from the loop and follows a small extension to Ulitsa 50 Let VLKSM, while the Line 4 does not. The Line 3 is somewhat underutilized as it is mostly duplicated by the Lines 4 and 5.

Peak headways are in effect throughout most of the day. A reduced late evening service is achieved by way of removing one vehicle from service per each line (more than one vehicle for the Line 19).











ROLLING
STOCK

[06.2011]

A total of 40 trolleybuses:

ZiU-682V ZiU-682V: 12 [4 ex-Sterlitamak; 1 ex-Minsk]
ZiU-682G ZiU-682G: 17 (1991-92) [1 ex-Moscow (2005); 1 ex-Tula (2007); 5 ex-Minsk (2008-09)]
ZiU-682 / BKM ZiU-682 / BKM: 7 (rebuilts: 2003-2006) [ex-Minsk (2009)]
AKSM-100 AKSM-100: 3 (1993-94) [ex-Minsk (2009)]
ZiU-682GN ZiU-682GN: 1 (2008)

All vehicles are variations of the base ZiU-682 model. Three Belarus-made vehicles are officially known as AKSM-100, but they are nevertheless clones of ZiU-682. 27 trolleybuses are operable, while 19 are required for daily service. The undertaking almost solely depends on second hand rolling stock handouts from the CIS countries, mostly from Russia and Belarus. At various times it did receive trolleybuses from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Tula, Sterlitamak of Russia; Minsk, Brest of Belarus; Kiev of Ukraine. Most of the second-hand trolleybuses are used as spare part donors for other ZiU vehicles. The city’s only brand new trolleybus is 38 of ZiU-682GM1 type, delivered by the Moscow’s MTRZ factory in 2008.

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